Answering this question, we need to Inquire-
- Whether, renouncing Islam is really a Crime or not.
- If crime, then why it consider as a Crime?
- If crime, then what is the degree of Crime?
- What is the justification of such degree? and
- What shall be the Punishment?
Considering the above, we find Renouncing Islam is a Crime, a Crime against Humanity. And a Crime against Humanity is consider as the highest degree of crime ie a grievous crime and surely a grievous crime deserves severe punishment. The Justification of this is as follows-
One may surprised that after conversion no one permitted to renounce Islam. Why? Because we clearly know that it is the religion of God, a religion of Truth. So, to us, renouncing Islam is equal to blaming and rejecting truth and at the same time adopt falsehood on God and His Apostle.
This act will turning men from truth, thus makes them loser in the hereafter. And when in the hereafter, they will find themselves loser, they will blame them, who shall be proved at that time as the follower of TRUTH- the follower of God’s religion during their lifetime ie they will accused Muslims for their misery. And Muslims those shall be accused thus find themselves into equal misery.
So, a Muslim never let anyone blaming or rejecting TRUTH after accepting it, as it considered an act of preventing men from following God’s path that causes mass people serious loser in the hereafter, such act surely a grievous crime and deserves severe punishment.
"And if they break their oaths after their agreement and revile your religion, then fight the leaders of disbelief -surely their oaths are nothing -so that they may desist". -(Qur'an 9:12)
And a Hadith says-
"The blood of a Muslim who confesses that none has the right to be worshiped but Allah and that I am His Apostle, cannot be shed except in three cases: In Qisas for murder, a married person who commits illegal sexual intercourse and the one who reverts from Islam (apostate) and leaves the Muslims."- [Bukhari , Volume 9, Book 83, No-17,-Narrated by' Abdullah].
And this was the cause of Ridda.
Not Yet Verified.