Friday, February 10, 2012

Diyyat: How it settled as 100 Camels?

Hashim- the father of Abdul Muttalib was a business man. For his business, he regularly sends two trade groups from Mecca every year; One to Yemen in winter and another one to Syria in summer. Once when he was on his way to Syria for a Business trip, he married Salma-a woman from Bani Najjar family of Yasrib. A few years later (near 510 CE), he died in Gaza city when he was on his way to Syria for business. At the time of his death, he left only one son Shaiba- issued from Salma. And the news of his son was unknown to his brothers due to his sudden death. After a long eight years, Muttalib got the news of his nephew and brought him to Mecca. Shaiba was a golden haired boy. Peoples of Mecca called Shaiba as ‘Abdul Muttalib’ thinking him as a slave or servant of Muttalib. This Abdul Muttalib was the grand father of Muhammad.

By the end of 520 CE, Muttalib died in Kajwan-a city of Yemen. Thus Abdul Muttalib inherits him. At that time, the ruling power of Mecca placed on the council consists of the leading members of Qusayi family.

During that period, Abdul Muttalib engaged himself finding the disappeared Zamzam Well influenced by his dream. And in search of the well, he engaged himself on finding works in between the mountain Safa and Marwa with the help of his son Haris. The job was difficult and too laborious. So he seeks the co-operation of Quraish. But they were not interested to co-operate as they thought it’s an impossible work and their efforts will goes in vain. So Abdul Muttalib promised that if he able to find the well and God gives him 10 (ten) sons, then he will sacrifice a son in the name of God. Later Abdul Muttalib achieved 10 (ten) sons.

And on the other hand, after a long effort, Abdul Muttalib was able to find the well with the help of his son Haris. Then the father and son both were digged it together.

Abdul Muttalib- though the Power and facility that Kaaba brought to their family was distributed to all the leading family members, yet the personal character and influence brought for him an undoubted priority to all. He achieved 10 (ten) sons and 6 (six) daughters. And Haris was his elder son. His other sons and daughters were-Abu Lahab (Abdul Ujja), Abu Talib (Abdul Mannaf). Sons Zobair and Abullah, and daughter Attika, Mayama, Araoya, Barra and Bayaja were issued by wife Fatima binte Aamar. Sons Dhirar and Abbas were issued by wife Nutaila. Sons Mukain, Gayajak, Hamza and daughter Sofia were issued by wife Hala. Other two sons of Abdul Muttalib were unknown. Perhaps, they died without leaving any children.

Abdul Muttalib- this honoured head of the family promised to sacrifice a son to the name of God. So he called all of his sons and reminds them of his promise. All of the sons agreed with his father to fulfil his promise. So Abdul Muttalib plays lottery on his 10 (ten) sons. And the lottery result shows the name of his most beloved son Abdullah. So he decided to sacrifice him.

On the particular date, people were assembled on the premises of Kaaba to celebrate the sacrifice. But it was interrupted for the 1st time by the mother’s side of Abdullah. Then others from the gathering request Abdul Muttalib to abstain himself from this sacrifice. So Abdul Muttalib goes to godess Pythia for her sayings. There were 360 gods and goddess placed inside Kaaba for worship one a day of the Moon Year. Goddess Pythia was one of them and was widely credited for her prophecies ie if someone express his desire to Pythia standing in a specified place of Kaaba, he was answered. Thus it was said to Abdul Muttalib to draw a lottery between 10 (ten) camels and his son and if the result is camel then to sacrifice them. But if the result is his son, then continue the lottery with each time adding 10 (ten) camels till the desired result. Thus on the 10th draw of the lottery ie when the lottery draws between 100 (hundred) camels and his son Abdullah, he gets the desired result with the name camels.

From that period, the price of human life (Blood Money) to be 100 (hundred) camels was the common practice. Till then, this system is defined as the law and was pursued after the Prophethood of Muhammad.


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