Sundarbans is one of the 3 (three) single tracts of natural mangrove forest in the world. It lies in the southern part of Bangladesh and in the delta on the Bay of Bengal. In 1997 it is inscribed as world heritage by UNESCO. Sundarbans originally measured 16,700 sqkm (in 18th century).
|Nypa fruticans, Sundarban|
|Natural Beauty, Sundarban|
|Royal Bengal Tiger|
Biotic factor plays an important role in the physical coastal evolution. Actually, the physical development process influenced by the magnitude of some factors viz.- wave motions, micro and macro-tidal cycles, long shore currents etc. And the shore current varies with the climatic condition-with the monsoon. Erosion and accretion through these forces maintains varying levels. However,the mangrove vegetation provides a remarkable stability to the entire system.
|Royal Bengal Tiger, Sundarban|
|Deer , Sundarban|
Systematic management of this forest started in the end of 18th century, when a Forest Department established in the Province of Bengal, in British India. The GL of Sundarbans' varies from 0.9 m to 2.11 m above sea level. The freshwater swamp forests lies between the upland and Lower Gangetic plains moist deciduous forests with the brackish-water mangroves, bordering the Bay of Bengal. This swamp forests is the tropical moist broadleaf forest eco-region of Bangladesh. It represents the brackish swamp forests that lie behind the Mangroves, where the salinity is more pronounced.
The forest is also a trap for nutrient and sediment that comes with the river steam. It acts as a storm barrier and shore stabilizer. Last but not the least, Sunderbans provides a wonderful attraction through its natural beauties for local and foreign tourists.
2011 declared as the year of Forest. So we need to support Sudarbans. It’s a big Natural carbon Bank, a big Natural Botanical Garden and; a big Natural Zoo. Forget all,-as we need to take Breath, so we need to take care of Forest.